Orlando FL Chapter 11 Attorney

Chapter 11: Your Path to Business Recovery

Are you struggling to keep your business afloat? Chapter 11 bankruptcy can be your way out. This process allows companies to reorganize their debts and keep operating while they get back on their feet. It’s a way for businesses to get a fresh start without shutting down completely.

Quick Summary

Below is an overview of the key points of this blog article.

  • Chapter 11 bankruptcy is a reorganization bankruptcy for businesses to manage debts and assets, named after U.S. Bankruptcy Code 11, offering a fresh start based on adherence to the bankruptcy plan rules.
  • Chapter 7 is liquidation bankruptcy for debt elimination without collateral, while Chapter 11 reorganizes assets and debts without asset liquidation, allowing continued operations.
  • Chapter 11 is available to individuals with excessive debt for Chapter 13, small businesses under Subchapter V for a simpler process, and corporations/partnerships to restructure debts and maintain operations.
  • The benefits of Chapter 1 are it allows business operations to continue, reorganizes debts for manageable payments, halts legal actions and improves contract terms, protects assets, and offers a fresh financial start.
  • Drawbacks of Chapter 11 are complex legal processes, high costs, lengthy proceedings, public record disclosure affecting reputation, uncertain outcome approval, and potential loss of control.
  • Chapter 11 filing procedure in Florida involves petition filing, debtor-in-possession status allowing business control, automatic stay on collections, submission of reorganization plan within 120 days, meeting of creditors, creditors’ committees, plan confirmation, and debt discharge upon plan completion.
  • The typical length of Chapter 11 cases can vary widely, with some cases concluding in months but most taking between six months to two years to finish.

What is Chapter 11 Bankruptcy?

A Chapter 11 bankruptcy, also called a reorganization bankruptcy, is when a business reorganizes its assets, debts, and affairs. It’s named after the United States Bankruptcy Code 11. Businesses usually file for Chapter 11 if they need time to sort out their debts. 

This type of bankruptcy gives the business a chance for a fresh start, but what happens depends on how well the business follows the rules of the bankruptcy plan.

How Does Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Work?

The company and creditors talk about new payment terms for the debts that the business can manage. The plan might also involve selling assets or making the business smaller to cut costs. When all the creditors agree to the plan, it becomes a new contract. 

In a regular Chapter 11, if the plan includes forgiving some debts, the company gets relief from those debts right away.

What is the Difference Between a Chapter 7 and a Chapter 11 Bankruptcy?

Also called liquidation bankruptcy, Chapter 7 bankruptcy is a type of bankruptcy that can get rid of various types of debts that aren’t secured by collateral. Filing for Chapter 7 business bankruptcy might be your final option to sort out your business finances before shutting down. 

On the other hand, Chapter 11 bankruptcy is a reorganization bankruptcy that involves restructuring your assets, debts, and business affairs. The key difference between these two types of bankruptcies is that in Chapter 11, the business doesn’t have to sell off its assets and can still manage its operations.

Who Can File for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy?

Chapter 11 bankruptcy is a legal process that helps businesses and individuals reorganize their debts. But who can file for Chapter 11? Let’s break it down:

  • Individuals. While it’s less common, individuals can also file for Chapter 11. This is usually an option for people who have too much debt to qualify for Chapter 13 but still want to reorganize their debts.
  • Small Business Owners. There’s a special kind of Chapter 11 called “Subchapter V” that’s designed for small business owners. It’s a faster and simpler process with lower costs, making it more accessible for small businesses.
  • Corporations and Partnerships. Both corporations and partnerships can file for Chapter 11. It allows them to restructure their debts while continuing their business operations.
  • High-Debt Individuals. Individuals with a significant amount of debt, both secured and unsecured, might choose Chapter 11 if they exceed the debt limits of Chapter 13 bankruptcy.

What Are the Benefits of Filing a Chapter 11 Bankruptcy?

Filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy might seem like a tough choice, but it can offer several advantages for businesses facing financial challenges. Here are some key benefits:

Keep Your Business Running

One of the biggest benefits is that you can keep your business open while you reorganize your debts. This means you can continue earning money and keep your employees working.

Reorganize Debts

Chapter 11 allows you to create a plan to pay back your debts over time. This can make your payments more manageable and help you get back on track financially.

Stop Legal Actions

When you file for Chapter 11, it puts a hold on any lawsuits or collection efforts against your business. This can give you some breathing room to figure things out.

Renegotiate Contracts

You might be able to renegotiate contracts or leases to get better terms. This can help reduce your expenses and improve your financial situation.

Protect Your Assets

Chapter 11 can help you keep your valuable assets, like property or equipment, that you might have to sell in other types of bankruptcy.

Fresh Start

Completing a Chapter 11 bankruptcy can give your business a fresh start. It can help you clear your debts and move forward with a stronger financial foundation.

What Are the Possible Drawbacks of Filing a Chapter 11 Bankruptcy?

Filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy can provide relief for struggling businesses, but it also has its downsides. Here are some of the top drawbacks:

Complex Process

Chapter 11 is a complex legal process that can be difficult to navigate. It requires a lot of paperwork and legal knowledge, which can be overwhelming for business owners.

High Costs

The cost of filing for Chapter 11 can be quite high. There are legal fees, court fees, and other expenses that can add up quickly. This can be a burden for businesses already facing financial difficulties.


The process of reorganizing debts and getting approval from creditors can take a long time. This can be stressful and can distract from the day-to-day operations of the business.

Public Record

Filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy is a public record, which means anyone can find out about it. This can harm the reputation of the business and make it harder to attract customers or investors in the future.

Uncertain Outcome

There is no guarantee that the bankruptcy court will approve the reorganization plan. Even if it is approved, there’s no certainty that the business will be able to successfully emerge from bankruptcy.

Potential Loss of Control

In some cases, the court may appoint a trustee to oversee the reorganization process. This can result in the business owner losing control over certain decisions and operations.

What is the Chapter 11 Filing Procedure in Florida?

Below are the important steps when filing a Chapter 11 bankruptcy in Florida.

Filing of Petition

A Chapter 11 case begins when you submit a petition to the bankruptcy court. But in some cases, your creditors can file a petition for you if they meet certain requirements for an involuntary bankruptcy. You must include the following with your petition:

  • List of debts and assets
  • List of current income and expenses
  • Overview of financial situation
  • List of ongoing contracts and leases

If you’re an individual or part of a legally married couple, there are extra rules you need to follow:

  • Proof of completing credit counseling and any debt repayment plan made during counseling
  • Pay stubs or proof of income from employers for the last 60 days before filing
  • Monthly statement of net income and expected changes in expenses or income after filing
  • Documentation of any state or federal education savings accounts the debtor owns


Once you file the petition, you, as the business owner, will be called the ‘debtor in possession.’ This means you will keep control over your business while reorganizing. You will stay the debtor in possession until your reorganization plan is confirmed, dismissed, converted to a Chapter 7 bankruptcy case, or a Chapter 11 trustee is appointed. 

Not all cases involve appointing a Chapter 11 bankruptcy trustee. In most cases, filers stay as the debtor in possession and continue running the business day-to-day throughout the case.

Automatic Stay

Like in Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy cases, when you file for bankruptcy under Chapter 11, you get the benefit of something called the automatic stay. This goes into effect as soon as you file the petition. 

The automatic stay gives you some relief by stopping all collection activities, property repossession, and foreclosures while your bankruptcy case is being processed.

Filing a Reorganization Plan

In Chapter 11 bankruptcy, you must submit a reorganization plan and a disclosure statement to the bankruptcy court within 120 days. The plan needs to classify the different types of creditor claims and outline how each class will be managed. 

It can involve reducing the size of the business, renegotiating debts, cutting costs, and selling assets to pay off creditors. As the filer, you have the sole right to file this plan within 120 days of filing for bankruptcy.

Meeting of Creditors and Creditors’ Committees

In a typical Chapter 11 case, there’s a meeting called the section 341 meeting of creditors. During this meeting, creditors can ask you questions under oath about your business, property, and how the case is being managed. Another unique feature of Chapter 11 cases is the creditors’ committee. 

This committee is chosen by the trustee and usually consists of unsecured creditors who hold the seven largest unsecured debts against you or your business.

Reorganization Plan Confirmation

Creditors decide if they approve a proposed Chapter 11 plan. In practice, the debtor and creditors can agree to any plan they negotiate, which is why many Chapter 11 attorneys negotiate deals before filing the case. If the necessary creditors agree to a plan, the court will approve or “confirm” it. 

However, if creditors or other parties are unhappy with the debtor’s progress, they may try to dismiss or convert the case to Chapter 7. When evaluating a plan, the bankruptcy court looks at the following factors:


The bankruptcy court needs to believe that the proposed plan is likely to work. The debtor has to show that they can make enough money to pay for expenses and repay creditors.

Good Faith

The company needs to suggest the plan sincerely and not try to achieve something that’s not allowed by law.

Best Interests of Creditors

The “best interests” test makes sure that the proposed plan pays the creditor at least as much as they would have received if the debtor had filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy and the trustee had sold the debtor’s property. If the debtor has many assets, the “best interests” test might mean they have to pay creditors in full. 

However, most Chapter 11 debtors are in a bad financial situation and pass the “best interests” test by paying creditors only a portion of what they owe.

Fair and Equitable

The plan also needs to be “fair and equitable.” Secured creditors must get at least the value of what they loaned, paid back gradually. The owners of the debtor can’t keep ownership without paying a certain minimum amount to creditors.

Discharge of Debt

After the bankruptcy court approves your plan and you finish it, the court officially clears your debts.

What is the Typical Length of a Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Case?

Chapter 11 cases can last different lengths of time. Some finish quickly, within a few months, but most take between six months to two years to complete.

Why Do I Need a Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Attorney in Florida?

Filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in Florida is a big step, and it’s not something you should do alone. Here’s why you need an Orlando FL Chapter 11 attorney:


  • Bankruptcy laws are complex. A bankruptcy attorney can guide you through the process and make sure everything is done correctly.
  • Your attorney will represent you in court and deal with creditors on your behalf.
  • A key part of Chapter 11 is creating a reorganization plan. A Orlando FL Chapter 11 attorney can help you develop a plan that’s fair and acceptable to the court and your creditors.
  • A bankruptcy attorney can protect your rights and make sure you’re treated fairly throughout the bankruptcy process.
  • Knowing you have a skilled professional on your side can give you peace of mind and reduce the stress of the situation.

Tailored Legal Solutions for Successful Debt Restructuring in Florida

Chapter 11 bankruptcy can be a lifeline for businesses and individuals in Florida struggling with overwhelming debt. It allows for the reorganization of finances while keeping the doors open and the business running. However, navigating the complexities of bankruptcy law requires legal guidance and support.

That’s where Tejes Law, PLLC comes in. Our trusted Orlando FL Chapter 11 attorney offers personalized solutions tailored to your unique situation. We pride ourselves on our ability to help clients successfully restructure their debts and emerge stronger. 

With Tejes Law, PLLC by your side, you can confidently navigate the bankruptcy process and take the first step towards financial stability. Contact us today for a free consultation to learn more about how we can assist you with your Chapter 11 bankruptcy needs in Florida.

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